audio streaming integrity
streaming performance over Bluetooth & WiFi
The Audio Streaming Integrity (ASI) metric is an option to the Opale MultiDSLA test system. ASI detects, qualifies, records and logs breaks or distortions in audio continuity over any test period, providing a cumulative count plus the duration and timestamp of each anomaly.
Long-Duration Testing - Audio Streaming Integrity canbe performed typically over 24 to 48 hours of continuous test periods.
Automatic - Tests run automatically in the background, leaving QA staff free, and saving time-consuming manual test iterations.
Back In Time Troubleshooting - ASI logs and measures each single anomaly, enabling back-in-time analysis of every anomaly identifi ed.
End-User Experience - ASI stores recordings of each anomaly, allowing playback and subjective assessment of the audible effect.
End User Satisfaction - Streaming errors often result in audible noises which disrupt listening pleasure and can give rise to acute user dissatisfaction.
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local audio streaming
The use of cordless headphones and loudspeakers is growing rapidly in popularity, accompanied by a parallel progression in Bluetooth audio codec development and WiFi streaming solutions.
Many of the headphones and loudspeakers are high-end products, and are typically purchased for listening to music, by users expecting “hi-fi ” performance.
Domestic audio streaming applications include Bluetooth and Wi-Fi streaming of music from either a local server, or from a server reached over the Internet via a wired or wireless connection.
Streaming music from a mobile device to a vehicle audio system via Bluetooth also falls into this category.
Listening Experience and Customer Satisfaction
The factors combining to influence listening experience include the performance of the codec employed, the inherent quality of the transducers and their enclosures, the nature of the music being played and the expectation of the user.
There is an additional factor which may have a major influence on the quality of experience.
This is the integrity of the streaming mechanism - in other words, its ability to convey the music to the headphones or loudspeaker without discontinuities.
We call this the Audio Streaming Integrity or ASI. Opale Systems has implemented ASI evaluation as an option in its flagship test system, MultiDSLA.
Why Streaming Integrity?
Under ideal conditions, the streaming process has no effect on the listening experience. But under non-ideal conditions the streaming process can give rise to breaks in the decoded audio delivered to the loudspeaker or headphones. Potential causes of non-ideal performance include:
- Unsuitable paring combinations
- Radio-frequency interference - e.g. Wi-Fi interference to Bluetooth
- Multi-path signal fading due to radio signal reflections
- Equipment used close to the limit of its range
KPIs (per anomaly detected)
|Sample rate||8k, 16k, 48k|
|Test signal frequency range||
150Hz - 650Hz @8k sample rate
150Hz - 1.3kHz @16k sample rate
150Hz - 3.9kHz @48k sample rate